Why Was Ancient Rome Founded

The founding of Ancient Rome is shrouded in the mists of time. It is believed the city was founded by Romulus in the 8th century BC, though the exact circumstances surrounding his foundation of the city remain somewhat mysterious. What we do know, however, is that Rome would eventually become one of the most influential and powerful civilisations in all of human history. This article seeks to explore why Rome was founded in the first place.

Many experts believe that the most influential factor leading to the founding of Rome was the development of agriculture and herding of livestock. As the practice became more widespread, it allowed for the population to become increasingly dense and thus allowed for the growth of a city such as Rome. It was also the case that early Rome had a strategic location on the Tiber river, which allowed it to be used as a trading hub.

In terms of the specific circumstances behind the founding of Rome, it is important to make a distinction between the two versions of Rome’s founding story. According to the traditional version, Rome was founded by the brothers Romulus and Remus, who were the sons of the war god Mars. This version states that Romulus founded Rome on the banks of the Tiber river in 753 BC. The rival version of the story, however, states that Rome was founded by Ancus Marcius, an Etruscan king, who reigned from 642 to 617 BC. This version of the story is more widely accepted today, though it remains debated within academic circles.

Regardless of the specific circumstances behind Rome’s founding, it cannot be denied that the city quickly rose to prominence. This was largely due to its political and economic stability. Rome’s political system, which was based on a Senate of elected patrician families, enabled it to stay relatively stable for long periods of time. Rome was also able to capitalise on its strategic location on the Tiber river, which allowed commerce to flow through it. This, coupled with the emergence of large-scale trading networks, enabled Rome to become an economic power.

Rome’s rise to power was a complex process that combined various factors. It can be argued, however, that the founding of Rome was a direct result of the increasing population and economic stability that allowed it to become a major centre of power. It is not possible to definitively state why Rome was founded in the first place, though it is clear that the city quickly rose to prominence due to its strategic location and political stability.

Reasons For The Quick Rise of Rome

The quick rise of Rome to power has often fascinated people. The reason behind this quick rise was multifaceted at it was the result of the city having favorable geographic features, an effective political system and a bustling trade network. Over the centuries, different theories have been put forward to explain why Rome was so successful in such a short period of time.

One of the theories involves Rome’s strategic location as a central crossroads in the Mediterranean. This enabled it to be a major trading hub, allowing it to tap into the wealth of the surrounding regions. Rome was also able to benefit from the surrounding allied communities, which helped it to form a strong political alliance.

The emergence of the Roman Republic also played a significant role in Rome’s rise to power. This form of government enabled the city to avoid the trap of dynastic politics and instead allowed a wider group of citizens to have their say in the running of the city. This was a key factor in Rome’s stability and enabled it to pursue its various ambitious goals.

Finally, Rome was able to benefit from its military might. This enabled it to expand its empire and become the preeminent power in the Mediterranean region. This expansion also brought in significant economic benefits and enabled it to become an economic powerhouse. The army was also a key factor in maintaining internal stability, allowing Rome to remain strong and secure.

The quick rise of Rome was due to a combination of different factors. The city’s strategic location, political system and military capabilities were all major contributing factors in its quick rise to power.

Decline of Rome

The decline of Rome is a complex period of history, which has been studied by scholars and historians alike. The decline of the city was a gradual process that began in the 3rd century and ended with its eventual downfall in the 5th century. A variety of factors have been proposed to explain the decline of Rome, leading to much debate and discussion among academics.

One of the major factors behind Rome’s decline was its political instability. This was a result of the weakening of the Senate, which had been Rome’s primary form of government. As the Senate’s power declined, Rome became increasingly vulnerable to external threats such as those from the Germanic tribes. This weakened the city’s military capabilities and eventually led to its downfall.

The decline of Rome’s economy was also a major factor in its eventual downfall. As the city became increasingly dependent on trade, it was unable to sustain itself due to its weak economy. This was further weakened by the decline in political stability, which had been a key factor in Rome’s earlier economic success.

Finally, the decline of Rome’s culture and values also contributed to its downfall. The rise of Christianity and its more pacifistic values undermined the previously worshiped militaristic gods and weakened the ties between citizens. This led to a decline in civic values, which further weakened the internal strength of the city.

The decline of Rome was a complex process that involved a variety of factors. Political instability, economic decline and cultural shifts all played a role in the city’s eventual downfall.

Legacy of Rome

In spite of its eventual decline, the legacy of Rome is still evident today. Rome is often referred to as “the eternal city”, and its influence can still be seen in numerous aspects of modern life. This legacy is a result of the city’s strong political system and its rich cultural history.

One of the most evident legacies of Rome is its political system. Numerous iconic aspects of the Roman political system, such as the Senate and the rule of law, are still central to many modern governments. This political system enabled Rome to establish itself as an influential power and its influence can still be seen in numerous aspects of modern politics.

Rome’s cultural legacy is also evident in many aspects of modern life. Roman art and literature, for example, is still widely studied and admired. Roman architecture is also still evident in many aspects of modern cities, particularly in the form of public buildings such as libraries, parks and other monuments.

Finally, the legacy of Rome is also evident in its contributions to language. The Latin language, which Rome heavily used, has heavily influenced many modern languages, including romance languages such as Italian, Spanish and French. This influence is still present in modern times and can be seen in many aspects of the English language.

Despite its eventual decline, the legacy of Rome is still evident today. It is a testament to the city’s influence and importance in world history.

Impact of Rome on Society

The impact of Rome on society is vast, its influence still shaping many aspects of the world even today. In many ways, the Roman Empire can be seen as the precursor for the modern nation state, with many of the world’s current tendencies in urban development, democracy and law coming from there.

One of the most obvious impacts of the Roman Empire on society was in the development of large urban areas. These cities were extremely well organised for the time and provided a context for the growth of culture, art and literature. Such cities included Alexandria, Byzantium, and Rome itself.

Another profound impact of Rome upon society was the introduction of democracy. This was the first time in the world that people could have a direct say in who their rulers were and thus indirectly increased their freedoms. This form of government helped shape the way nations, such as the United States, are run even today.

The Romans also had a huge impact on the law. The Twelve Tables, which were the basis for Roman law, helped shape the way legal proceedings are conducted even today. Furthermore, much of Roman law has been adopted into the legal systems of most modern Western nations.

Finally, the Roman Empire had a lasting impact upon the world in terms of engineering. In the area of architecture, the Roman arches, domes and aqueducts are still used in many structures to this day. Additionally, the Romans developed a system of roads which helped shape the transportation networks of modern societies.

Overall, the impact of Rome on society was profound and can still be seen in many aspects of the modern world. It is a testament to its historical significance.


The founding of Ancient Rome is a complex topic, with many experts looking to unearth the various factors behind the city’s rise to power. It is clear, however, that the geographic location, political system and economic stability of the city all played a part in its becoming a powerful force in the ancient world. Rome’s eventual decline is a testament to the importance of political and economic stability and its legacy still affects many aspects of modern society.

Moshe Rideout is a professional writer and historian whose work focuses on the history of Ancient Rome. Moshe is passionate about understanding the complexity of the Roman Empire, from its architecture to its literature, political systems to social structures. He has a Bachelor's degree in classic studies from Rutgers University and is currently pursuing a PhD in classical archaeology at UMass Amherst. When he isn't researching or writing, he enjoys exploring ruins around Europe, drawing inspiration from his travels.

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