Why Should We Study Ancient Romans

Studying Ancient Romans is a worthwhile pursuit, as it allows us to learn and appreciate the incredible impact they have left on modern society. Ancient Romans have contributed greatly to advances in language, mathematics, engineering, government, and so much more. Taking the time to explore the cultural, political and technological achievements of the ancient Romans moreover, shows us how far humanity has come in the two thousand years since their reign.

Most importantly, understanding the forces that shaped Ancient Rome provides an insight into the forces that shaped our present day. Through simple study of the past, we can gain a better understanding of the workings of our own societies. Studying Ancient Rome allows us to better comprehend aspects of our world today and helps in predicting where society is going in the future.

Most people have heard of Julius Caesar, Pompeii and the Colosseum as great accomplishments of Roman civilization, yet there is much more to be considered. Ancient Roman society was incredibly advanced for its time, being one of the first to use concrete and steel, as well as being one of the first societies to create an organized legal system. Ancient Roman engineering feats, such as the aqueducts that crossed miles of hostile landscapes, and their inventions, such as the chariot, remain mind-boggling to this day. The fact that many of these feats are still seen in modern engineering proves their excellence in structural design.

The importance of language has also been heavily shaped by Ancient Rome. Latin is the source of many of our words in English, and eventually it was used to create much of the scientific terminology we use and understand today. This has led to a clear benefit to our everyday lives, as it allows us to understand the complexities of the world around us more easily. Latin was also a major foundation of Italian, a language that has since been immensely influential.

It is important to note the Ancient Romans’ innovations in political thought as well. This city-state was one of the first to adopt the concept of democracy widely, setting up a Republic led by elected leaders representing the people. This system of government became a cornerstone of our understanding of democracy and is still used today by many countries.

The Ancient Romans also created monumental accomplishments in martial arts and warfare. Rome has shaped the world we live in through their tactical prowess, ingenuity and destructiveness. Titus’ legionnaires left an indelible impression on the world, proving their mettle both offensively and defensively in wars with the barbarians and their enemies in the east. Though it pains to note, the Roman army provided the means to conquer and control many regions, thus creating a lasting legacy of imperial rule.

In conclusion, studying the Ancient Romans is not only an enjoyable endeavor, but it is an essential activity as well. We have access to an incredible wealth of knowledge that comes from understanding their impressive and lasting accomplishments. By learning about their monumental feats and successes, we can better comprehend our world today and even attempt to predict our future.


The Ancient Romans created a complex and widely practiced faith known as Roman polytheism. The Romans worshiped several gods, many of which they adopted from different cultures. This form of polytheism was heavily intertwined with their culture and everyday life, being used to help explain natural phenomena and to aid in decision making. It remains of interest to us today for its influence in our own religions, such as with Christianity.

Roman religion consisted of rituals, priesthoods and ceremonies. They viewed their gods as greatly important and often sought their favor, even in wartime. This put them at odds with their enemies quite often, which added to their reputation as a powerful and feared culture. The pantheon of gods, ranging from Jupiter to Mars, are still remembered today in numerous works of literature, films, and other creative pieces.

Religion in Ancient Rome had a great impact on their everyday life. Believing that their gods could grant wealth and prosperity, they used sacrifices to appease them. It also had a major influence on their legal system, as many laws revolved around religious practices. This gave the Roman Empire its reputation of power, and their religious beliefs spread far and wide.

Ancient Rome left a significant impact on our world today when it comes to religion. Though their actual beliefs are mostly forgotten, the spirit of their religion has remained as a vital part of modern culture. Many of our holidays, traditions, and morality were shaped in part by Ancient Roman religion, making it worth studying.

Government and Politics

During its lifetime, the Roman Republic and Empire was one of the most influential governments in the world. This is evident from the lasting legacy their politics left behind. Some key pillars of the Ancient Roman government and politics include the Senate, the Latin language, decentralization and the dictatorship.

The Senate made up the most powerful and influential body in Ancient Rome, with its members representing the best of Roman society. It was this body that made decisions on behalf of the people and also reviewed applications for various positions of power. This system allowed for greater decentralization than a monarchy and encouraged citizens to express themselves in politics.

Another defining powers of Ancient Roman Politics was the use of the Latin language. It was the language of the Senate and was used in official documents as well as in everyday conversation. This language has had a huge influence on the modern English language and formed the foundation for the Romance languages, such as Spanish and French. It also helped form the basis for modern scientific terminology.

Decentralization was another important factor in shaping Roman government. Since different regions of the Roman Empire developed differently and had different beliefs, there was an incentive to decentralize power and allow regions to govern themselves. This was important in allowing Ancient Rome to thrive, as it gave people in different parts of the world an opportunity to work together and express their ideas.

Finally, the concept of dictatorship was significant in the Roman Empire. It allowed a single leader to take control of the government and make decisions. This was beneficial, since it gave the leader a way to control the government and keep the Roman Empire together. It was also often used to help guide the Roman Empire in times of chaos and should be remembered for its important role in the politics of Ancient Rome.


The economy of Ancient Rome played a major role in its success. During the height of the Roman Empire, the economy was incredibly strong, leading to great wealth and prosperity. Most of this can be attributed to their ability to manage resources, invest internationally, and centralize their economy.

Ancient Roman coins, known as denarii, were created to help facilitate trade and manage resources. This made economic exchange between citizens much easier and allowed the Romans to control their money. This led to significant wealth that the Roman Empire used to build its many monuments, roads, and cities.

The success of the Roman economy was greatly aided by their ability to invest internationally. They could use their wealth to purchase resources from other parts of the world, allowing them to develop different products. This also allowed them to share their culture and technology with other regions, helping them to become more successful.

Finally, the economy of Ancient Rome was highly centralized. This allowed them to control resources and ensure that the wealth was divided fairly among their citizens. It also allowed them to manage taxes and keep the economy in check. This efficient system of government helped the Roman Empire to consolidate its power and spread its influence.

Military and War

The Roman military was one of the most successful in the ancient world, conquering vast portions of Europe and the Middle East in the process. It’s military tactics, enormous siege engines, invention of the grappling hook and its legions are all recognisable feats remember to this day.

One of the elements of the Ancient Roman Empire’s military success was its control of resources. This allowed the Romans to not only equip their troops with superior weapons, but also allowed them to hold on to conquered lands for an extended period of time. This strategy was essential in establishing their rule over much of the known world.

The Roman military used a variety of tactics and strategies to gain a tactical advantage. This included using siege towers and other siege engines to ensure their superiority in battle. The invention of the grappling hook was also an important innovation, giving the Romans access to places they would otherwise not be able to reach.

The Roman Empire also had a large number of soldiers, known as legionnaires. They were reliable, well-trained and heavily armored, making them formidable opponents. The Roman military also had a lengthy hiring process, which resulted in only the most talented being selected to join the legions, giving them an even greater advantage.

The Roman military was an important force during their reign as an empire and their legacy still remains to this day. Through studying the Ancient Romans, we can learn more about the strategies used by their military and how to use them in modern warfare. It is a reminder of the great accomplishments of Ancient Rome and the influence their feats had on the world we live in today.

Moshe Rideout is a professional writer and historian whose work focuses on the history of Ancient Rome. Moshe is passionate about understanding the complexity of the Roman Empire, from its architecture to its literature, political systems to social structures. He has a Bachelor's degree in classic studies from Rutgers University and is currently pursuing a PhD in classical archaeology at UMass Amherst. When he isn't researching or writing, he enjoys exploring ruins around Europe, drawing inspiration from his travels.

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