Why Does Ancient Rome Seen Nore Advanced Than Midieval Times

The advancements of ancient Rome and medieval times can be compared in terms of technology, societal structure, and art. It is no surprise that ancient Rome is widely seen as being more advanced than medieval times. Ancient Rome had an impressive engineering acumen, from their roads and aqueducts to their famous Colosseum, while medieval times were known for their castles. Both societies were innovative in their own ways, but the advancements made in ancient Rome were far greater.

Ancient Rome had a number of impressive engineering achievements under its belt. The Romans were skilled at road-building and their network of roads spanned the entire region. Their aqueducts delivered clean water to population centers and their sewage system transported waste safely away from inhabited areas. Not to be forgotten is their Colosseum, the first stone amphitheater of its kind that could hold up to 65,000 spectators. Taken together, these engineering feats were and remain impressive to this day.

Furthermore, ancient Roman society was far more egalitarian than medieval Europe. Slavery was common throughout the region, but Roman citizens had access to education and were even allowed to vote in some instances. Moreover, Roman taxation was seen as equitable, and Roman citizens were protected through the rule of law. All this helped to create a more stable and prosperous society, leading to a greater level of advancement in many areas.

In contrast, medieval Europe was far more stratified. A distinct class hierarchy was in place, and the rise of feudalism meant that the lower classes were often tied to the land, preventing them from engaging in many economic activities. Moreover, opportunities for education and political participation were largely restricted to the upper classes, leading to a lack of innovation in terms of technology and infrastructure. As such, it is no surprise that Roman society was more advanced than its medieval counterpart.

When it comes to art, both societies produced impressive works of art. But it was in Ancient Rome where some of the finest works of art were produced. This includes mosaics, frescos, marble statues, and ornate jewelry. These works of art are some of the finest ever produced in any period of history, and many of them still remain today as testaments to Roman artistry.

In conclusion, ancient Rome was far more advanced than medieval times in terms of technology, societal structure, and art. The Roman Empire was built upon a solid foundation of engineering and egalitarian society that led to the creation of some of the finest works of art ever seen. By comparison, medieval Europe was hampered by restrictive class structures and limited opportunities for advancement. As such, it is no surprise that ancient Rome is seen as more advanced than medieval times.

Societal Achievements

Ancient Rome was also incredibly advanced in terms of its societal achievements. Education was available not only to the upper classes, but to the lower classes as well. This ensured that Roman citizens were able to pursue knowledge and understand the world around them. The Roman government also created strong legal systems that provided protection for its citizens. Additionally, Roman citizens were granted certain rights, such as the right to own property. Taken together, these legal protections and rights contributed to a more equitable and prosperous society.

In addition to the legal and educational system, the Romans also created various public works projects. This included public bath houses, public parks, and public stadiums that enabled citizens to interact with each other and enjoy leisure activities. These public works helped to create a more vibrant and connected society, which allowed for the exploration of different ideas and the sharing of knowledge. It also helped to create a sense of community, as citizens could share in common experiences.

Furthermore, the Romans were incredible innovators when it came to religion. They not only believed in many gods, but also in a pantheon of divine beings. In addition, they were the first society to combine male and female divine figures, which contributed to the development of monotheistic religion. This helped to bring stability to the region and allowed for the spread of ideas throughout the Mediterranean world.

Economic Impact

Ancient Rome also had an incredible impact on the economy of the region. The Roman Empire annexed many regions, allowing them to tap into new resources and people. This helped to create a large and diverse economy that was strong and prosperous. Roman citizens had access to a variety of goods and services, and merchants were able to transport goods across the vast territory of the empire.

In addition, the Romans established a system of taxation that provided the government with revenue. This enabled the Roman government to build infrastructure and public works, which further contributed to the prosperity of the region. Furthermore, the Romans developed a monetary system that allowed for the exchange of goods and services. This increased the efficiency of transactions and enabled the Roman economy to flourish.

Moreover, the Romans also developed laws of contract and property to help secure economic transactions. This allowed for citizens to have greater control over their property and to make investments without having to worry about them being taken away. These legal protections helped to create an environment that was conducive to economic growth and development.

Military Might

The military might of Ancient Rome was also impressive. The Roman army was well-disciplined and organized, and it was well-armed with superior technology. In addition, the Romans employed various tactics such as siege warfare and military engineering. This enabled them to quickly conquer the lands of their enemies and to establish control over them. Consequently, the Roman Empire was able to expand and consolidate its power across the Mediterranean world.

Furthermore, the Roman army was well-versed in the art of strategic planning. This enabled them to anticipate their enemies’ moves and plan accordingly. This allowed them to be successful in their campaigns and to take full advantage of their superior technology. As such, the Roman army was able to maintain a high level of success across its numerous campaigns.

The Romans were also skilled generals. They were adept at using their numbers and knowledge of the terrain to their advantage. In addition, they employed a variety of tactics such as flank maneuvers and barrage strategies. This enabled them to be successful in their campaigns and to quickly conquer their enemies.


Ancient Roman society left a lasting legacy in various fields of study. It was in Ancient Rome where the first universities were founded and the first public libraries were established. In addition, it was the Romans who created the system of legal protections and rights that modern societies still utilize today. Furthermore, the Roman Empire left behind impressive works of engineering from their roads to their aqueducts.

Moreover, the Roman Empire left behind an impressive art and literature legacy. Its literature has influenced countless authors and literary works, while its art remains some of the most impressive pieces of artwork ever produced. Ancient Rome also spawned numerous religious belief systems, as its gods and goddesses were adopted by many people. This has helped to shape the modern world as we know it today. As such, the legacy of the Roman Empire lives on to this day.

Ancient Rome was a highly advanced society and its advancements in technology, society, art, and economics are still seen today. Ancient Rome was responsible for some of the most impressive works of engineering and art ever produced, while its religious and legal beliefs have shaped modern society. Ancient Rome is widely seen as more advanced than medieval times, and this is well-deserved.

Moshe Rideout is a professional writer and historian whose work focuses on the history of Ancient Rome. Moshe is passionate about understanding the complexity of the Roman Empire, from its architecture to its literature, political systems to social structures. He has a Bachelor's degree in classic studies from Rutgers University and is currently pursuing a PhD in classical archaeology at UMass Amherst. When he isn't researching or writing, he enjoys exploring ruins around Europe, drawing inspiration from his travels.

Leave a Comment