Who Were The Early Kings Of Ancient Rome Advised By

The ancient city of Rome has long been credited with birthing one of the most powerful and lasting empires in history. The early kings of Rome are remembered for their historical achievements, from the expansion of Roman territories to the establishment of legal and religious customs. But the success of these great rulers was not solely the product of their own work. They were also advised by a number of counselors, known as advisers, throughout their reigns who helped guide their decisions and shape the future of the Roman Empire.

The position of advisor to the Roman kings dates back to the founding of Rome by Romulus. Although his father, the god Mars, would have been his most prominent guide and confidante, Romulus also employed a number of advisers who offered direction and advice during his reign. One of the most important of these early counselors was his grandfather, the elderly Prince Numa Pompilius. He was responsible for the establishment of Rome’s religious system and helped Romulus create the Senate and new, written laws for the city.

Subsequent kings, such as Tullus Hostilius, Ancus Marcius, and Lucius Tarquinius Priscus were also advised by a number of counselors. Tullus employed the Volscian military leader Turnus Herdonius, while Ancus employed the Sabine leader, Titus Tatius. Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, meanwhile, gave the position of advisor to his own sons, Lucius and Arruns Tarquinius. They served as friends and allies who provided valuable counsel during his rule.

After the reign of Tarquinius, the position of advisor began to change. Tarquinius’ sons, Lucius and Arruns Tarquinius, were succeeded by a sequence of elected leaders, known as consuls. Two consuls were elected to rule each year, and the position of advisor began to encompass the advice and approval of the consuls. During the Republic, individual consuls were advised by both a personal council and the Senate, which acted as the main governmental body for both civil and religious affairs.

The advisors of the early Roman kings and consuls were instrumental in guiding the development of Rome at a crucial juncture in its history. Their experience and expertise enabled the early Roman kings to understand the complexities of the political, social, and military arenas in which they operated. This expertise enabled the early Roman rulers to successfully expand their sphere of influence, established lasting laws and traditions, and secure Rome’s place in history as one of the most enduring empires of the ancient world.

Early Kings’ Advisers and their Contributions

The particular role of each adviser differed from era to era and ruler to ruler, but in each case they helped to shape the decisions of the rulers they advised. The first known adviser was Romulus’ grandfather, Numa Pompilius. He was the most influential early advisor to Romulus, guiding him in the establishment of Rome’s religious system, the Senate and its legal system, and in providing counsel in military matters.

The adviser position would continue to evolve in its scope of responsibilities. For example, Turnus Herdonius and Titus Tatius both served as military advisors to their respective rulers, Tullus Hostilius and Ancus Marcius. They were responsible for being knowledgeable military commanders, providing the rulers sound knowledge and military strategies.

The advisers of Lucius Tarquinius Priscus were of a different sort, providing not only a military presence but also a more personal and friendly relationship with their ruler. Lucius’ sons Arruns and Lucius Tarquinius were close confidantes, providing counsel on different affairs and inspiring the king. This was a necessary edge to Priscus’ rule, as Rome was becoming a far greater and more powerful kingdom in the Mediterranean.

The advisors of the last two kings of Rome, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus and Tarquinius Collatinus, included both relatives and members of the Senate. Their advisors were responsible for overseeing the political and military arenas, advising their rulers on political parties, creating trade alliances, and conducting foreign relations.

Significance of Advisers in Ancient Rome

The advisers of the early Roman kings were a critical component for the success and longevity of Rome as a powerful and influential empire. Their knowledge and experience were invaluable assets which provided the Roman rulers with the confidence to deal with the complexities of the Mediterranean from a military, political, and diplomatic standpoint. They were an essential part of the success of the early Roman kings, providing counsel and direction for the growth of a powerful ancient kingdom.

The advice of the early Roman kings’ advisers not only improved the success of these great rulers, but also the legacy of Rome itself. Their influence was far-reaching, ensuring the success and proliferation of Roman culture and practices in the regions they conquered. This long-lasting effect on the Mediterranean is still evident in modern times, as the vestiges of Roman civilization and culture remain as reminders of their powerful impact on history.

Modern Influence of Ancient Advice

The advice of the early Roman kings’ advisors has had a lasting influence on the modern world. Many of the concepts they helped to establish, such as written law, have had a significant impact on global social and political structures. Their experience in militarily expanding Roman territories and establishing trade networks has been invaluable in developing the modern global economy.

The advice of the early Roman advisers has had a lasting impact on the global political and cultural landscape. Their wisdom and knowledge shaped the decisions of their powerful rulers, helping to create a lasting empire which endured for centuries and left a deep mark on history. In the modern world, their legacy continues to inspire and guide contemporary leaders in politics, business, and culture.

Impact of Early Advice on Contemporary Leadership

The advice of the early Roman kings’ counselors is an important lesson for contemporary leaders. Modern leaders can learn from their example, studying the wisdom and expertise that the ancient Roman advisors brought to their rulers. In the modern world, the advice of counselors, advisers, and consultants is essential for a successful leader and can provide key insight into complex situations.

The great wisdom and knowledge of the early Roman advisors has been passed down to the present day. Although modern leaders are likely to receive advice from more specialized counselors, their example remains an important lesson in how experienced counsel can guide successful leadership. By utilizing the expertise of knowledgeable advisers and consultants, contemporary leaders can benefit from their insight and use their experience to reach their goals.

Analysis of Greco-Roman Leadership

The decision-making process of ancient Roman leaders was heavily influenced by the advice of their counselors. Still, the ultimate responsibility for any decision lay with the ruler. By reflecting on their cases, modern leaders can analyze the implementation of counsel within the Greco-Roman leadership style, and consider the ways in which advisors of that time influenced their decision-making process.

In order to understand the intellectual foundations of ancient leadership, modern researchers have looked to the writings of Greco-Roman theorists such as Plato, Aristotle, and Cicero. Their works are particularly enlightening when trying to understand how advisors influenced the decision-making process of ancient leaders. Through their texts, we can gain some insight into the role that advisors may have filled in the courts of the early Roman kings.

The legacy of the ancient Roman kings’ counselors remains a pertinent lesson for modern leaders. By reflecting on the contribution of the advisors of this period and studying the classical philosophers’ theories of leadership and statecraft, contemporary leaders can consider the ways in which ancient leaders navigated complex scenarios to ensure the success of their decisions.


The advisers of the early Roman kings played a vital role in their rulers’ success and the subsequent growth of the Roman Empire. Their expertise and knowledge enabled the early Roman kings to understand the complexities of the Mediterranean political and military arenas and to successfully expand their sphere of influence. This legacy of the early Roman advisors lives on in the modern world, as their wisdom and advice continues to steer the decisions of contemporary leaders.

Moshe Rideout is a professional writer and historian whose work focuses on the history of Ancient Rome. Moshe is passionate about understanding the complexity of the Roman Empire, from its architecture to its literature, political systems to social structures. He has a Bachelor's degree in classic studies from Rutgers University and is currently pursuing a PhD in classical archaeology at UMass Amherst. When he isn't researching or writing, he enjoys exploring ruins around Europe, drawing inspiration from his travels.

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