Who Attacked Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome is one of the greatest and most impressive civilizations in all of human history. Rome Emperor Julius Caesar once said “Veni, Vidi, Vici” – a phrase that forever immortalizes Rome’s power, influence, and legacy. But while Rome has certainly experienced incredible success, it has also experienced its share of attacks, some of which were incredibly significant. So who attacked ancient Rome? This article will study the times that Rome was attacked and the consequences of these attacks.


The Gauls led by Brennus were probably the most significant attack on Rome in the early years. Rome was sacked by the Gauls in 390 B.C.E. The Gauls were fierce enemies from the North and the Roman army was no match for their ferocity. The sack of Rome was a devastating blow for Rome and it took many decades for them to recover. It is said that when Brennus exited the city walls, all of the Roman soldiers began to weep.

As Professor David S. Potter of the University of Maryland explains, the Gauls set a new precedent for Rome. It proved to them that they were not invincible and that they needed to find a way to protect themselves better in order to ensure their survival. This led to the creation of the Roman Legion and the establishment of the Roman Empire.

Grecians and Carthaginians

The Grecians and Carthaginians were two of Rome’s most significant enemies. The Grecians conquered much of the Mediterranean and posed a serious threat to Rome. In the Punic Wars, the Carthaginians proved to be a strong adversary for Rome and almost vanquished them. However, Rome was able to come out on top due in part to the great military leader, Scipio Africanus.

The wars with the Grecians and Carthaginians had a profound impact on Rome. They both forced Rome to become more militaristic and more organized. This eventually led to the rise of the Roman Empire and its eventual dominance of the Mediterranean.

Barbarians and Visigoths

In 410 C.E., the Barbarian tribes sacked Rome. The Barbarian invasion was facilitated by the decline of the Roman army and the weakening of the Roman Empire. The Barbarians destroyed much of Rome and caused widespread death and destruction. The attack was so severe that some historians consider it to be one of the primary contributors to the fall of the Roman Empire.

The Visigoths also attacked Rome. They sacked Rome in 455 C.E. and looted the city. Their attack was a serious blow to the Roman Empire and it marked a major turning point in the decline of the Empire. The Visigoths were able to penetrate Rome’s defenses and prove that the Roman Empire was no longer a force to be reckoned with.

Vandals and Ostrogoths

The Vandals were another tribe that attacked Rome. They sacked Rome in 455 C.E. and looted the city. They were incredibly effective in their attack and managed to steal many valuable artifacts and treasures. The attack was a major blow to the Roman Empire and its reputation.

The Ostrogoths were also a major threat to Rome. They twice attacked Rome in 476 C.E. and 537 C.E. respectively. On both occasions, they managed to pillage the city and cause serious destruction. They too played a major role in the decline of the Roman Empire.

The Fall of Rome

The fall of Rome is attributed to many different factors, but one of the most significant ones was the frequent attacks from enemies all around. Rome was attacked by many different tribes and civilizations over the course of its existence and this constant onslaught eventually took its toll. Rome’s walls failed to protect it anymore and the ensuing chaos and destruction spelled the end of the Roman Empire.

Rome’s Legacy

Despite its troubles, Rome continues to influence the world today. Its legacy of power, hailing from its unparalleled strength, has appealed throughout the centuries. The Roman Empire was one of the most powerful and influential civilizations in human history and its attack is living proof of its greatness.


Rome experienced a number of significant attacks throughout its history. Attacks from the Gauls, Grecians, Carthaginians, Barbarians, Visigoths, Vandals and Ostrogoths all contributed to the eventual downfall of the Roman Empire. Rome’s legacy however endures even today with its powerful image of strength and resilience continuing to be influential and impactful.

Repercussions of Attack

The attacks on Rome had far-reaching consequences. Firstly, it weakened the military of Rome, which in turn made it susceptible to further attacks. This had a knock-on effect of further weakening Rome’s economy and infrastructure. This had led to the decline of the Roman Empire, as Rome was no longer able to protect and defend its borders. Social unrest and civil unrest ultimately led to the dissolution of the Rome Empire.

The attacks on Rome also had a psychological impact on its citizens. Fear, uncertainty, and paranoia all increased as a result. People no longer felt safe in their own homes, and the future of Rome was uncertain. This could also be seen in the decline of morale at Rome which further contributed to its eventual fall.

Modern Threats to Rome

Although Rome is no longer the power that it once was, it still remains a major tourist destination and a cultural symbol of Europe. It is therefore important to keep Rome safe from modern threats. The most significant modern threat to Rome is terrorism. There have been a number of terror attacks in Rome in recent years, which has had a devastating impact on the city.

As a result, the city of Rome has implemented strict anti-terrorism measures to keep its citizens safe. Rome also has a sophisticated security system in place to monitor potential threats to the city and to report them to the relevant authorities.

Rome Today

Rome remains one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world and it is home to some of the best cultural and historical sites. As a result, tourists flock to the city each year to explore its many sites and to enjoy all that Rome has to offer.

Although Rome is no longer the powerful Empire that it once was, it still remains an important city in Europe. Through its long history, Rome has experienced both success and destruction, and it is this strength and resilience that still makes it so remarkable today.

Moshe Rideout is a professional writer and historian whose work focuses on the history of Ancient Rome. Moshe is passionate about understanding the complexity of the Roman Empire, from its architecture to its literature, political systems to social structures. He has a Bachelor's degree in classic studies from Rutgers University and is currently pursuing a PhD in classical archaeology at UMass Amherst. When he isn't researching or writing, he enjoys exploring ruins around Europe, drawing inspiration from his travels.

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