Which Would Not Have Been An Export Of Ancient Rome


Ancient Rome was an empire with a strong focus on self-sufficiency. They produced food for their own consumption and other exports were used to produce goods for wider consumption. As a result, agriculture would not have been an export of this ancient civilization.
The Romans enjoyed a close connection with their land and considered agriculture to be an important factor in their success. The development of agriculture took precedence over other sectors of the economy and enabled Rome to become the dominant kingdom it was known for.
Agriculture was an important source of food, with farmers using sophisticated techniques to grow grains, fruits and vegetables. Many of these techniques remain important today, such as crop rotation, irrigation, fertilization and use of animal power. The land was organized into large agricultural estates and large-scale farms, making more efficient use of resources and better profit margins.
Despite the importance of agriculture, grain would have been bound to a specific region and was not considered a viable export. As a rule, grain was distributed throughout the empire either by bartering or by internal distribution networks. This ensured that price fluctuations and other threats to supply could be mitigated.
The lands surrounding Rome were also guarded to prevent agricultural imports coming from outside the empire. This included the establishment of market regulations, border closures and tariffs. As a result, other countries were not able to benefit from Rome’s agricultural output outside of the long-term relationships it had with specific regions.

Animal Trade and Trapping

Animal trapping and trading would not have been an export of ancient Rome. The trapping and trading of animals was a very specific and localised activity within Rome. Much of the animal trading was done as part of a protection racket and was conducted privately, meaning it was difficult to track. This practice is not typically considered something which was exported to other parts of the empire.
This activity was largely focused on the protection of certain animals, such as the elephant and certain bird species. Trapping of these animals was frowned upon and typically seen as barbaric. As a result, the Roman government would not have allowed the export of these materials.
Trapping and trading of animals was often associated with the rise of certain firms and was linked to a lucrative trade. By controlling the trade of these animals, these firms were able to extract profits from the process. This activity was also linked to an increase in hunting and poaching, with poaching being particularly common in the hunt for rare species.
In terms of the animals themselves, it is unlikely that they would have been exported beyond Rome. Animals were typically seen as a symbol of power and importance, and the animal trade and trapping was not typically seen as a form of export.

Military Equipment

Military equipment would not have been an export of ancient Rome. As the military forces of Rome increased in number, so too did their increasing reliance on military equipment.
This included armor and weapons, as well as various materials such as rope, timber, and iron ore. Roman forces would have been equipped with the latest weaponry and military technology, including siege engines and siege towers. All of this equipment was designed for the specific purpose of defending the empire and maintaining its dominance over its neighbors.
Given the high cost of producing these items, and their strategic importance, it is unlikely that Roman forces would have acquiesced to any requests for military equipment. In addition, any military equipment exported from Rome would have been vulnerable to capture by hostile forces.
Rome was also known for its military strategy, which included the development of a system of fortifications, a standing army, and a navy. This system of defense allowed Rome to protect its borders and maintain its position of strength. As a result, Roman forces would also have been reluctant to leave any military equipment outside of the empire.

Books and Scrolls

Books and scrolls would not have been an export of Ancient Rome. The Romans had a great appreciation for knowledge and literature, and a flourishing market for works of literature was established.
However, the books and scrolls produced in Rome were intended for internal consumption and distribution, and were not typically seen as records to be exported to other kingdoms. Although a few rare works were sent to other nations, this was typically done for diplomatic purposes or as gifts.
Books and scrolls were an important tool for communication, instruction, and pleasure within the Roman Empire. They were used to communicate information, disseminate opinions, educate, and inspire others. The production and distribution of books and scrolls was a highly regulated process, and was overseen by the support of a large bureaucracy.
Literacy was also a highly valued skill in Rome. The possession of literacy was seen as a privilege, and access to books and scrolls was strictly limited to those with the requisite education and wealth. By controlling the access to these materials, Rome was able to influence the opinions and spread of knowledge within its borders. As a result, it is unlikely that books and scrolls would have been exported from the Roman Empire.


Slaves would not have been an export of ancient Rome. Despite slavery being a major part of the Roman Empire, it is unlikely that slaves were exported to other nations.
The Romans saw slavery as an important part of their society, and many slaves were taken from other conquered nations. The Romans, however, in contrast with some other nations, did not directly engage in the trading of slaves. The number of slaves held in Rome was typically much larger than the number of slaves exported to other countries.
Even if slaves had been exported from Rome, it is unlikely that foreign nations would have accepted them. In general, the Roman government required strict regulations when it came to the export of slaves, and it is likely that other countries would have viewed this as an affront.
Slaves were often seen as valuable commodities, and some were trained in the arts or other areas of expertise. They were also used in the construction of temples, aqueducts and roads, and in the administration of the state.
However, slaves were viewed as inferior in Rome, and despite the contribution they made in certain areas, they remained disenfranchised and were typically refused basic freedoms. Exporting slaves would have gone against Roman law, as well as the values they held.


Gladiators would not have been an export of ancient Rome. Gladiators were a highly distinctive and revered profession within the Roman Empire, and the art of gladiatorial warfare had a strong cultural significance.
The gladiators of Rome were renowned for their physical prowess and ability to fight in the amphitheaters of Rome. Gladiators were also seen as symbols of wealth and power, and it is likely that any gladiators exported from Rome would have been used as an offensive measurement against rival nations.
The gladiators of Rome were highly trained in the art of combat, and the weapons used by them were typically not produced outside of the empire. In addition, their skills and techniques were closely guarded secrets and would not have been shared with foreign nations.
Gladiatorial matches were also popular forms of entertainment in Rome, and as such, gladiators were seen as a source of wealth and prestige. Therefore, it is unlikely that Rome would have been willing to export these individuals to other nations.

Luxury Goods

Luxury goods would not have been an export of ancient Rome. Luxury goods were an important part of Roman culture, and were seen as a sign of wealth and privilege.
The production of luxury goods within Rome was highly regulated and closely monitored by the government. This ensured that any goods produced or imported for sale would be of the highest quality and true to the aesthetic values of the empire.
Luxury goods were considered to be a form of conspicuous consumption, and their production and export was closely regulated to ensure that they were only used by members of the upper classes. The production of luxury goods was also closely linked to the development of social hierarchies, and it is likely that the Romans would have been reluctant to allow the export of these items to other nations.
In addition, luxury goods were closely associated with Rome and were seen as symbol of the greatness of the empire. The production of certain items was kept close to home, and it is unlikely that the Romans would have wanted foreign nations to access their exclusive products.


Jewellery would not have been an export of ancient Rome. As with luxury goods, jewellery was seen as a mark of wealth and privilege in the Roman Empire. The Romans had a strong appreciation for jewellery, and the production and distribution of these items was closely regulated by the government.
Jewellery was typically reserved for the wealthy and powerful members of society, and it is unlikely that the Romans would have allowed it to be exported from their borders. Any jewellery produced in Rome would have been reserved for the citizens of the empire.
In addition, jewellery was closely linked to the Roman faith, and was seen as an important symbol of their connection to their gods and goddesses. As such, the Romans would have been reluctant to export these items to other nations.
Jewellery was also an important source of revenue for the Roman government, due to the high production costs. It is unlikely that the Romans would have been willing to export these items to other nations as they posed a risk to the empire’s control over production and distribution.


Art would not have been an export of ancient Rome. The Romans had a strong appreciation for art and valued its ability to capture the essence of daily life and the beauty of the natural world.
Art was a highly prized possession in Rome, and the production and export of art was strictly regulated. Art was typically produced for internal consumption, and Roman citizens would not have been allowed to export these items for any purpose.
In addition, art was also often associated with religious practices, and the Romans were likely to view the export of these items as a desecration of their faith. The Romans were also keen to protect their arts industry, and they would have been keen to keep its secrets to themselves.
Finally, the Romans would have been keen to protect the uniqueness of their art and its ability to showcase the greatness of the empire. Any exported art would have had the potential to devalue the price of artwork within the Roman Empire, and the Romans would not have wanted this to occur.

Moshe Rideout is a professional writer and historian whose work focuses on the history of Ancient Rome. Moshe is passionate about understanding the complexity of the Roman Empire, from its architecture to its literature, political systems to social structures. He has a Bachelor's degree in classic studies from Rutgers University and is currently pursuing a PhD in classical archaeology at UMass Amherst. When he isn't researching or writing, he enjoys exploring ruins around Europe, drawing inspiration from his travels.

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