Where Was Ancient Rome Established

The city of Rome, once known as the heart of the Roman Empire, is one of the oldest in the world, dating back to its roots in 753 BCE. At the height of its power, its influence extended throughout Europe, Northern Africa, and the Middle East, although the city itself was located in what is now Italy.Today, Rome is a great source of fascination and historical discovery, with many visitors coming to explore its ruins, monuments, art galleries, and other landmarks. But how did the city of Rome come to be?

How It Started

Rome began when two of the world’s most famous mythological brothers–Romulus and Remus– established the city of Rome. According to legend, Romulus and Remus were sons of the god Mars and a mortal woman who became the rulers of Rome. After a dispute between the brothers over who would control the city, Romulus killed Remus and became Rome’s first king. In another version of the myth, Romulus and Remus both ruled the city together but Romulus, the elder brother, eventually left to found a new city, which then became known as Rome.

As mythological accounts do not reflect history, the truth is that the founders of Rome are unknown. The traditional date of Rome’s founding is 753 BCE, but some scholars believe that the city was founded several decades earlier. It is also thought that Rome was established by a group of people, rather than by a single person or family.

Rome was not only founded by unknown people, but it was founded on an unknown site. Most historians believe that the city was established on a hill in the Italian region of Latium, but there is still mystery surrounding the exact location.

The Founding of Rome

According to one version of the myth, Rome was founded by Romulus, the son of a powerful local king. In order to build the city and consolidate his power, he invited all of the neighbouring people, who were known as the Latins, to settle in Rome. This allowed Romulus to become a powerful ruler, and he and his people established a number of important traditions and activities that later became part of Roman culture.

One of the first tasks of the new city was to build a temple dedicated to Jupiter, the king of the gods. This was done in order to placate the gods, and to ensure good luck for the new city. Other gods were also honoured in the city, with altars and temples being built for them as well. Around this time, Rome’s senate was formed and a republican government was established, with two consuls elected as Rome’s supreme leaders.

During this period, Rome was often at war with neighbouring cities and tribes. This enabled the Romans to establish their empire and expand their influence. Soon, Rome was the largest and most powerful city in the region. This period of expansion and growth led to the Roman Empire becoming one of the most powerful and long-lasting empires in world history.

Rome’s Cultural and Religious Development

Rome’s rise as a major power in the ancient world was accompanied by cultural and religious developments. Rome developed its own gods and goddesses, and its own religious practices and ceremonies. Religion was an important part of Roman life, and religious festivals and celebrations were held at specific times of the year. A number of religious holidays, such as Saturnalia and Lupercalia, were celebrated by the Romans.

In addition to its religious development, Rome saw major developments in politics, law, engineering, and architecture. It was during this period that the Roman Republic was established, and the city’s famous legal system was created. Rome was also home to some of the world’s most impressive engineering achievements, such as the Aqueducts which supplied water to the city.

The city’s architecture was also remarkable, with glorious temples, forums, amphitheaters, and basilicas. The Colosseum and Pantheon are some of the most famous examples of Roman architecture, and they remain popular tourist destinations today.

Rome’s Decline and Fall

Rome’s rule over the Mediterranean world lasted for centuries, but eventually the city fell into decline. This was a result of a number of factors, including the rise of Christianity, which was seen as a rival to the traditional Roman gods, economic issues, foreign invasions, and political infighting. By the 5th century CE, Rome was no longer the most powerful city in the region, and it eventually fell to the Germanic Ostrogoths in 476.

Following Rome’s fall, the city entered a period of stagnation and decline. For centuries, the city was largely forgotten until it was rediscovered in the Renaissance period. Today, Rome is one of the world’s most iconic cities, and its legacy can still be seen in many aspects of modern life.

Rome Today

Today, Rome is one of the most visited cities in Europe, and it remains an important center of culture, history, and art. It is home to numerous world-famous monuments and landmarks, such as St. Peter’s Basilica, the Colosseum, and the Trevi Fountain. There are also a number of museums, galleries, parks, and other attractions, making Rome one of the most popular destinations in Europe.

Rome is also home to a diverse array of peoples and cultures, and the city has been shaped by various ethnic and religious communities over the centuries. Today, the city is a melting pot of cultures, languages, and religions, making it an interesting and vibrant place to visit.

For visitors, Rome is an inspiring city, filled with beauty and history. Whether you are interested in exploring its ancient ruins, enjoying its renowned cuisine, or admiring its stunning architecture, there is something for everyone in Rome.

Rome’s Legacy

Though Rome may no longer be the powerful city it once was, its legacy still has a major impact on the world today. Its culture, language, religion, art, and architecture have all had an immense influence on our modern world, and it is the foundation of many of our current beliefs and institutions.

In addition, Rome is still a source of fascination and inspiration for many people. Its ruins, monuments, and art galleries attract visitors from around the world, while its rich history and fascinating culture can be found in films, books, and television shows.

Though it may no longer be the center of an empire, Rome’s legacy can still be seen and felt around the world. Its imprint is seen in countless ways, from the language we speak to the way we view and understand the world.


Rome is one of the world’s most iconic cities, and its legacy lives on in many aspects of modern life. Its founding is still shrouded in mystery, but it is clear that it went on to become a major power in the ancient world. Though Rome may no longer be the center of an empire, its influence is still felt in our culture, language, art, and architecture. Visiting Rome is an unforgettable experience, and one that will provide insight into the long and fascinating history of one of the most enduring cities in the world.

Moshe Rideout is a professional writer and historian whose work focuses on the history of Ancient Rome. Moshe is passionate about understanding the complexity of the Roman Empire, from its architecture to its literature, political systems to social structures. He has a Bachelor's degree in classic studies from Rutgers University and is currently pursuing a PhD in classical archaeology at UMass Amherst. When he isn't researching or writing, he enjoys exploring ruins around Europe, drawing inspiration from his travels.

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