When Was Ancient Rome Compared To Today

Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire have a lot to offer in terms of comparison between it and today’s society. Ancient Rome offers an amazing case study that can be used to gain insight into the development of humankind. The city and the Empire that was built up around it provide us with a unique window into the evolution of human institutions, technology, culture, and the different civilizations that existed during that period in history. On the one hand, a comparison of Ancient Rome and today’s world highlights the degree of progress that has taken place over the course of time. On the other hand, it also helps to reveal the basic themes that have remained constant throughout history.

From the perspective of the current political system, it can be seen that at its core, the political structure of the Roman Empire was strikingly similar to some of today’s modern democracies. The main difference being that it was ruled by a monarchy instead of a president or prime minister. Ancient Rome also employed a representative form of government, with the Senate going on to serve as the chief legislative body. Rome also had some unique and interesting laws and customs, such as the Twelve Tables, that provided citizens with protection from abuses from the government.

In terms of the economy, ancient Rome was heavily dependent on its agricultural base, which provided the foundation for the cities’ prosperity. Trade was conducted mainly through the Mediterranean and across Europe and the Middle East, with merchants and traders bringing in a variety of goods and products.currency was also in place and was used to facilitate trade as well. Roma’s economy was also supported by its renowned public works projects, such as aqueducts and road construction.

Culture and Science

Ancient Rome was also known for its vibrant culture, with literature, music, art, and architecture all playing a major role in its development. Literature was one of the major forms of expression and included epic works such as Virgil’s Aeneid and Ovid’s Metamorphoses. Roman art featured a wide range of styles from from both Greece and Rome. Architecture was widely used to create monuments, theaters, temples and other buildings that are viewed as iconic to this day. Music and theatre were also popular, with many great works being produced by famous playwrights and poets like Horace and Virgil.

As for science, ancient Rome was home to a number of well known scientists, mathematicians, and philosophers, some of whom were ahead of their time in terms of their discoveries. One example was the physician Galen, who studied anatomy and the workings of the human body, discovering a great deal of what is still used today in the field of medicine. Another was the inventor Vitruvius, who advanced engineering techniques and whose work is still used today in modern architectural designs.

Religion and Philosophy

Religion was also an important factor in Ancient Rome, with Polytheism being the dominant religion. Rome’s dominant god was called Jupiter, and he was worshipped in temples throughout the city. Philosophy also played a large role, with many of the great minds of the day contributing to the development of the city. Stoic, Epicurean and Skeptic philosophies were among the most prominent.

It is amazing to reflect on how much Ancient Rome has to offer for comparison with today’s world. Although technology and social customs have advanced quite a bit over the last two thousand years, many of the core ideals of the Roman Empire remain the same. Be it culture, religion, science or government, the similarities that can be found between the two eras are both striking and impressive.

Education and Technology

The Roman education system was based on rhetoric and grammar, and was highly advanced for its time. Much of what was taught was based on Greek scholars and philosophers such as Aristotle and Plato. This included subjects such as philosophy, geography, math, and literature. Technological advancements in Ancient Rome were also quite advanced in some areas, with aqueducts, roads, and many public works projects showcasing Roman engineering excellence.

Social Hierarchy

The social hierarchy in ancient Rome was quite divided, with the upper class and 30% to 50% of the population made up of slaves and freedmen. This system of slavery was similar to many other ancient civilizations, however it was also quite different in some ways. Rome’s slaves were often used for construction and other types of manual labor, but were also employed in some professional roles, such as lawyers and doctors. This was seen as a way to give the slaves a sense of value and a chance to advance in Roman society.

Military and Conquests

The Roman military was a highly disciplined force that was mainly focused on conquest, often conquering much of the known world at that time. This enabled Rome to expand their borders, but also presented many challenges in terms of assimilating and ruling conquered people. This was seen as a major challenge in terms of keeping the Roman Empire united and stable, and it eventually led to its downfall.


The legacy of Ancient Rome is one that is still present today. The Roman Empire was far from perfect, however it has left a lasting impression of its power and influence. Its monuments, laws, and culture still resonate in many parts of the world even today, and it is a continuing source of inspiration for those who wish to better understand the world around them. Ancient Rome is a reminder of the importance of perseverance and creativity, and the power of a collective society to achieve greatness.

Moshe Rideout is a professional writer and historian whose work focuses on the history of Ancient Rome. Moshe is passionate about understanding the complexity of the Roman Empire, from its architecture to its literature, political systems to social structures. He has a Bachelor's degree in classic studies from Rutgers University and is currently pursuing a PhD in classical archaeology at UMass Amherst. When he isn't researching or writing, he enjoys exploring ruins around Europe, drawing inspiration from his travels.

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