When Did Ancient Rome Last

Rise of The Ruling Authority

Ancient Rome, regarded as one of the most powerful empires in history, was founded in April 753 BC. The Roman Empire began with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom and saw the gradual rise of republican government, conquest of the Italian Peninsula, expansion, and the rise of the ruling structure in the region. Ancient Rome reached its peak in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD and after that its power slowly declined, having controlled much of Europe, the most important part being the western half.
Evidence suggests that the Roman Republic was at its most powerful during the 1st and 2nd centuries AD and by the 3rd century, Rome was weakened by civil war, civil unrest and eventually its own military. Rome endured a period of instability, and its power was further weakened by internal problems and surrounded by rival nations and tribes such as those in the colonies. Eventually, Rome became dependent on the forces of its own military, which eventually broke it apart until it was conquered by the invaders in 476 AD.
It was during this period of decline, 476 AD to 489 AD, that the Roman Empire essentially came to an end. This was after the invasion of Western Europe by various Germanic nations; the Visigoths sacked Rome in 410AD, and the Vandals sacked it again in 455AD. The Western Roman Empire finally ended in 476AD when its last emperor, Romulus Augustulus, was deposed by the warlord, Odoacer, who declared himself the “King of Italy”.

Cultural Impact

Ancient Rome had a major influence on the rise of western civilization, becoming a major influence in modern day Europe and global politics. The Roman Empire was one of the most powerful and influential states in the world. It is known for its elaborate architecture and engineering, and its contribution to literature, art, and science. Ancient Roman culture was heavily influenced by its military, which itself was strongly influenced by its political structure. Roman law, literature, and conquest were all aspects of the political structure that made Rome a powerful empire.
The Roman Empire was also a major contributor to the sciences, introducing to the world the first recorded instance of mathematics and astronomy. Roman mathematics advanced the calculation of areas and volumes, allowing for improved engineering. Furthermore, its engineering advancements such as aqueducts, paved roads, and centralized government made it one of the most advanced civilizations at the time. It also had a major contribution to the development of law, having the first code of law of which we have records. This code was used for thousands of years, thus having a major influence on law and government.
Moreover, by its culture, the Roman Empire had a major influence on language and literature. Latin, the language of the Roman Empire, spread throughout its territories and today, Latin is still the official language of Vatican City. Its literature, such as works by the poets Virgil, Horace, and Ovid, have been influential for centuries and have been studied and imitated in almost every language.

Influence on religion

The Romans were known for their religious diversity, and their religion formed the basis for many other religions. It was during this period that Christianity, a religion based on the teachings of Jesus Christ, began to spread. Christianity eventually became the official religion of the Roman Empire and it persists to this day.
In addition to Christianity, the Romans also practiced other forms of polytheistic pagan religions, such as worship of the gods of the Roman pantheon. These religions were practiced in private and in public and were widely accepted by the Romans.
Moreover, the Romans influenced Judaism, as well. Under the rule of Emperor Hadrian, the Temple of Jerusalem was rebuilt and Jews were given the right to practice their religion freely. This strengthened the relationship between Rome and Judaism.
The Roman Empire also had a major influence on later forms of religious belief; many of the rituals and traditions of various religions developed during this period. This was particularly true of Christianity, which later became the dominant religion in Europe, and to a lesser extent in the Middle East.

Fall of the Empire

The Roman Empire was weakened in the 3rd century CE due to civil wars and economic problems, leading to its eventual collapse in the fifth century. It relied heavily on taxes, which resulted in a number of peasant uprisings. These uprisings destabilized the social order and weakened the Roman Empire’s military might, making it vulnerable to external conflicts.
The fall of the Roman Empire was also caused by a number of military forces from the East, including the Goths and the Vandals, who sacked Rome in 410 AD, and the Huns, who pillaged much of the Roman Empire in the 5th century. All of these invasions weakened the empire and eventually caused its downfall.
The fall of the Roman Empire led to a period of chaos and civil unrest, as Europe was plunged into the “Dark Ages”. Finally, in 476 AD, the Western Roman Empire was formally dissolved, setting in motion the events that would lead to the formation of new nations and empires in the region.

Legacy of Ancient Rome

The effects of Ancient Rome can still be seen in the modern world. Its legacy includes the development of western civilization and its effects are still felt in politics, literature, art, and architecture. Its political structure has had a lasting impact on modern governments, while its engineering works have improved the infrastructure of many countries and created a foundation for future development.
Its literature and art have impacted modern cultural movements and its influence on language, law, and religion can still be seen in many parts of the world. Its influence on western culture is undeniable, and the legacy of Ancient Rome is still strong today.


The most iconic and lasting legacy of Ancient Rome is its architecture. The Colosseum, one of the most famous structures in the world, is an especially remarkable example of Roman architecture. The Colosseum was designed by Emperor Vespasian and constructed in 70 AD. It could seat up to 70,000 people and was used to host gladiatorial fights, public spectacles and animal hunts.
In addition to the Colosseum, other impressive examples of Roman architecture include the Pantheon, the Circus Maximus and the Aqueducts. These structures, which were built to show off the power and technical ability of the Roman Empire, still stand today and are some of the most visited tourist attractions in the world.
The architectural legacy of Rome can also be seen in its lasting impact on modern cities. Elements of Ancient Roman architecture, such as the use of arches, vaults and domes can be seen in many cities around the world.

The Language

The influence of Ancient Rome can still be seen in the language spoken by many people today. Latin, the language of the Romans, is still used in law, medicine and the Catholic Church, although it is no longer spoken as a primary language.
Additionally, many modern languages, such as English, Spanish, French and Italian, have derived from Latin. In fact, many of the words used in English come from Latin and its influence can be seen in its grammar and structure.
The legacy of the language of Ancient Rome is still felt in these modern languages, and the impact of Rome can still be seen in its words and structures.


The Roman Empire was one of the most powerful and influential empires in history, lasting from 753 BC to 476 AD. During this period, it shaped the political, social, religious, and cultural landscape of Europe and beyond. Its lasting legacy includes its architecture, its language, and its political structure, which still form the basis of modern society. Though its political power has faded, the influence of Ancient Rome is still felt in the world today.

Moshe Rideout is a professional writer and historian whose work focuses on the history of Ancient Rome. Moshe is passionate about understanding the complexity of the Roman Empire, from its architecture to its literature, political systems to social structures. He has a Bachelor's degree in classic studies from Rutgers University and is currently pursuing a PhD in classical archaeology at UMass Amherst. When he isn't researching or writing, he enjoys exploring ruins around Europe, drawing inspiration from his travels.

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