What To Do In Rome Ancient Rome

Rome is one of the world’s most captivating and enigmatic capitals. Its history is long and fascinating, and the city abounds with ancient ruins, magnificent churches and charming cobblestone piazzas. Whether you’re in Rome for a few days or a few weeks, you’ll easily be able to find enough things to do in Rome Ancient Rome to fill your itinerary. Here are some of the most important places to visit.

Roman Forum

The Roman Forum is the centrepiece of any visit to Rome Ancient Rome. From here, you can get a real feel for the accomplishments of the Roman Empire, and explore its roots in the Republic. In the Forum are numerous monuments and ruins, such as the Temple of Saturn and the Temple of Vesta. Many of its monuments have survived to the present day and are open to the public. The Forum is also home to several impressive ancient monuments, such as the Arch of Constantine and the Column of Phocas.


The Colosseum is one of the iconic symbols of Rome. It is an ancient amphitheatre that was constructed in AD 72 and was used to host a variety of public spectacles, including gladiatorial fights. Today, it is one of the most visited sites in Rome, and is a popular tourist attraction. Visitors can climb up to the top and get fantastic views of the Colosseum and its surrounding area. The interior of the Colosseum can also be explored, and it is fascinating to see the remains of this grand and impressive structure.

Palatine Hill

The Palatine Hill is the most spectacular of Rome’s seven hills and is located between the Forum and the Circus Maximus. From here, visitors have an impressive view of the city and can see many of the magnificent monuments and ruins. On the hill is the ancient palace of the Roman Emperors, where Augustus and his family once lived. The Palatine Hill is also home to many archaeological sites, such as the House of the Vestal Virgins, which date back to the time of the Roman Republic.

Vatican City

Vatican City is the spiritual centre of Catholicism, and home to the Pope. The city is full of impressive monuments and churches, such as St Peter’s Basilica and the Sistine Chapel, where Michelangelo painted the ceiling. Vatican City is also home to some of the world’s most precious artworks and collections, including the Sistine Chapel, Pio-Clementino Museum and the Stanze di Raffaello. Visitors to the Vatican can take a guided tour or explore at their own pace.

Catacombs of St. Calixtus

A visit to the Catacombs of St. Calixtus is an essential part of any trip to Rome Ancient Rome. Nestled beneath the city, the catacombs date back to the 3rd century and are home to some of the earliest Christian tombs. Guided tours of the catacombs are available and provide a fascinating insight into this part of Rome’s history. Visitors will also be able to explore the area’s numerous underground corridors, crypts and chapels.

Baths of Caracalla

The Baths of Caracalla were built in the 3rd century AD and used for public bathing and relaxation. The ruins today are some of the greatest examples of ancient Roman architecture. The baths are a popular tourist attraction and are home to many statues, columns and mosaics. Visitors can also explore the underground passageways and chambers, and can appreciate the grandeur of this ancient monument.

Climb the Capitoline Hill

The Capitoline Hill is the centre of Rome and is one of the biggest and most important landmarks in the city. From here, visitors can enjoy sweeping views of the Roman Forum, Colosseum and the city of Rome. The hill is also home to two sumptuous squares and the Capitoline Museums, which house some of the world’s rarest and finest artworks. The summit of the Capitoline Hill is also a great place to watch the sun set over Rome.

Piazza Navona

Piazza Navona is one of Rome’s most beautiful squares and is full of atmosphere. Its stunning baroque architecture attracts both tourists and locals alike. The centrepiece of the square is the Fountain of the Four Rivers, which was designed by Bernini and is considered to be one of the finest fountains in the world. The piazza is full of cafes, restaurants and bars, and is a great place for people watching.


The Pantheon is one of Ancient Rome’s biggest attractions and is considered to be one of the best-preserved ancient monuments in the world. Built in the 2nd century AD, the Pantheon is home to some of the city’s most spectacular sculptures and artworks. Its famous rotunda dome is one of the world’s largest, with an impressive diameter of 43m. The Pantheon is one of the best places to appreciate the grandeur and beauty of Ancient Rome.

Explore the Trastevere Neighbourhood

The Trastevere neighbourhood is one of Rome’s oldest and most colourful areas. Its narrow, cobblestone streets and hidden piazzas provide a great opportunity to explore Rome’s ancient past. Trastevere is also home to some of the city’s oldest churches, such as Santa Maria in Trastevere. This picturesque area of Rome is also full of charming restaurants and cafes, which provide the perfect spot to relax and enjoy some delicious Italian food.

Visit the Appian Way and the Catacombs

The Appian Way is one of the oldest Roman roads that was built in 312 BC and is connected to over 250 sites in the area. Even today, it is one of the most impressive ancient roads in the world. Along the way, visitors will find catacombs, temples and tombs that date back to the days of the Roman Empire. The Appian Way is a great way of appreciating the grandeur of Ancient Rome.

Hop On A Vespa Tour

A Vespa tour is the perfect way to explore Rome Ancient Rome’s many hidden gems. The tours allow riders to explore the city on the back of a stylish, classic Vespa. Tour guides will give riders an orientation of the city and also provide tips and advice on the best places to visit. A Vespa tour is an exciting and memorable way of discovering Rome’s history and culture.

Roman Mosaic and Baths

The baths of Diocletian are one of Rome’s most fascinating archaeological sites. The ruins date back to the 3rd century AD and are home to a vast array of mosaics and statues. Visitors can wander through the impressive and well preserved ruins, and admire the beautiful mosaic artworks. The baths also provide useful information about the daily lives of Ancient Romans.

Aventine Hill

The Aventine Hill is one of the seven hills of Rome and was once the site of Emperor Augustus’s palace. Today, the hill is home to the Giardino degli Aranci, a public park known for its views over the city. There is also the Orange Garden, which is home to lush greenery and one of the city’s most picturesque monuments. The Aventine Hill is the perfect place to take a peaceful walk and to admire the beauty of Rome.

Exploring Ancient Roman Villas

Rome was once home to many luxurious and grand villas, built by the wealthy elite. Today, visitors can explore some of these villas and gardens, such as the Villa Farnesina, Villa d’Este and Villa Adriana. These impressive villas are a great way of getting a glimpse of Ancient Rome’s opulence and extravagance. Exploring these ancient villas is a great way to get a feel for the grandeur of the Roman Empire.

Rome’s Ancient Aqueducts

Rome’s aqueducts were a vital part of the city’s infrastructure, providing it with water. These ancient structures can still be seen today, running through the city. The most impressive of these aqueducts is the Aqua Claudia, which is still in use today. Exploring the ancient aqueducts is a great way of appreciating the remarkable engineering feats of the Ancient Romans.

Moshe Rideout is a professional writer and historian whose work focuses on the history of Ancient Rome. Moshe is passionate about understanding the complexity of the Roman Empire, from its architecture to its literature, political systems to social structures. He has a Bachelor's degree in classic studies from Rutgers University and is currently pursuing a PhD in classical archaeology at UMass Amherst. When he isn't researching or writing, he enjoys exploring ruins around Europe, drawing inspiration from his travels.

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