What agricultural crops and trade goods did ancient rome have?

Ancient Rome had a variety of agricultural crops and trade goods. The most common agricultural crops were wheat, barley, oats, and hay. Roman farmers also cultivated vegetables, fruits, and trees for wood. Trade goods included wine, olive oil, livestock, and timber. Rome traded with many different countries and regions, which allowed them to acquire a wide variety of goods.

Some of the agricultural crops that ancient Rome had were barley, wheat, oats, and rye. The trade goods that Rome had were wine, olives, olive oil, and grape juice.

What was the agricultural trade in ancient Rome?

The three most important agricultural products traded in the Roman world were grain, wine and olive oil. These products were traded because of their ubiquity around the Mediterranean. The plants which produced them were sometimes known as the ‘Mediterranean triad’, and their farming as ‘polyculture’.

The Roman countryside was known for its many different crops, but the most commonly grown crops were those that reflected the Roman diet. This included grains such as wheat, barley, and spelt, which were used for making bread, as well as grapes for wine and olives for oil.

What were the 3 main crops that were grown in Rome

Within the Mediterranean area, a triad of crops were most important: grains, olives, and grapes. These crops were essential to the diet of the people in this region and provided them with the nutrients they needed to stay healthy. The climate in the Mediterranean is ideal for these crops, and they have been grown in this region for centuries.

The staple crops of ancient Rome were grains, olives, and grapes. Olive oil and wine led Italy’s exports. Romans used a form of two-tier crop rotation, but crop production yielded low output and required a vast number of slaves to operate. Farmers could donate surplus crops to the government to pay their taxes.

What did ancient Rome mostly trade?

Grapes, oil, and grain were a few of the major exports from Rome. These crops yielded items such as olive oil, wine, and cereals, which were also exported. Other exports included pottery and papyrus (paper). Rome imported some food items, such as beef and corn.

Roman food vendors and farmers’ markets were a great source of fresh, delicious food. Meats, fish, cheeses, produce, olive oil and spices were all available, and pubs, bars, inns and food stalls sold prepared food. This made it easy to get a good meal, no matter where you were in the city.

What was the main crop of Rome?

The Ancient Romans grew many crops, but olives, wheat and grapes were some of the most important. Wheat, especially the Triticum aestivum variety, was a key food crop as it could be made into bread. Olives were used to create olive oil, while grapes could be fermented to make wine or vinegar. These crops were vital to Ancient Roman society.

Rome was blessed with productive land that could feed the empire. This was due in part to the expansion of the empire, which brought new, fertile land from places like Tunis, Algeria, and the Crimea. Virgil wrote of the happiness of farmers, noting that they are blessed beyond all other people if they only knew it.

What crops are grown in Rome Italy

The northern part of Italy is well known for its production of grains, soybeans, meat, and dairy products. The climate in this region is ideal for growing these types of crops, and the soil is also rich in nutrients. The south of Italy, on the other hand, is renowned for its production of fruits, vegetables, olive oil, wine, and durum wheat. The climate here is milder, and the soil is more suited to these types of crops.

From our research, it appears that the Roman diet relied heavily on cereals and legumes. This would have provided most of their caloric and nutritional needs.

What are the 3 important crops?

It is amazing that just 15 crops provide 90 percent of global energy intake. These crops are the staples for 5 billion people and are the basis of food systems and human subsistence. They are reliable and widespread, and we depend on them for our survival.

The cash crops of the southern colonies were mainly tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo. These crops were grown for the specific purpose of being sold to others, hence the name cash crops. Virginia and Maryland were especially known for their tobacco production.

What did the Romans trade for

The Romans traded with Britain for silver and wool. They imported dyes and spices from the south-eastern part of their Empire.

The mainstay of the Roman economy was agriculture, with a large amount of trade being conducted to supplement the food supply. Slavery was also an important part of the Roman economy, with slave labor being used for both agricultural and industrial work.

Did ancient Rome have trade?

The Romans were very successful in trade because they made it as easy as possible for people to trade with them. There was only one currency used and there were no complicating customs dues. Trade was also encouraged by many years of peace within the Roman Empire. Trade was vital to the success of the Roman Empire.

The grain trade was a lifeline for the people of Rome and it is estimated that without it, the population would have starve to death. Every year, more than 400,000 tonnes of grain from Africa, Egypt and Sicily passed through Ostia and the port of Puteoli near Naples on the way to Rome. This grain was used to make bread, which was the staple diet of the Roman people.


Agriculture in ancient Rome was not only a necessity, but was idealized among the social elite as a way of life that was virtuous and dignified. Roman writers lauded the simple life of the countryside and idealized pastoral landscapes. The Roman elite felt that their city lives were too hectic and their country villas too isolated, so they created a compromise: the suburban villa.

Most of the vegetables grown in Rome were common to other Mediterranean cultures: peas, beans, wheat, barley, rye, lentils, chickpeas, and a variety of greens. Fruits like apples, cherries, apricots, plums, grapes, and pears were also grown. Olives and olive oil were produced in abundance and were a staple of the Roman diet.

Ancient Rome also had a thriving trade in goods from all over the Mediterranean and beyond. Roman ships carried wine, olive oil, grain, and other foodstuffs to other parts of the empire, while luxury items such as spices, incense, perfumes, and silk were imported from the East.

Ancient Rome was a prosperous and powerful empire with a diverse economy. They had many agricultural crops such as wheat, barley, grapes, and olives. They also had a thriving trade in goods such as salt, iron, timber, and slaves.

Ellen Hunter is a passionate historian who specializes in the history of Rome. She has traveled extensively throughout Europe to explore its ancient sites and monuments, seeking to uncover their hidden secrets.

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